Transporting Industrial, overweight, or out of gauge Cargo by air involves special packing rules because the cargo must be able to withstand certain forces. OOG cargo is goods that cannot fit into a container or an aircraft.

There are various ways to transport out of gauge cargo, including over-dimensional cargo transportation by truck. Out-of-gauge shipments refer to cargo movement through any mode larger than the maximum allowable dimensions set by the carrier.

How Does Industrial, Overweight, or Out Of Gauge Cargo Impact Your Business?

Overweight or out of gauge cargo transportation that does not meet these specifications could damage the cargo itself, delays shipment delivery, and create additional costs.

This is why it’s important for each company dealing with OOG cargo to be aware of its needs and how to get the best services when transporting out of gauge cargo.

Tips for avoiding problems with out of gauge cargo

  • Ensure all transportation equipment is approved for the specific weight, length, and width of your Cargo;
  • Clearly define standards for accepting cargo, including regulations set by the FAA or IATA;
  • Communicate with Freight Forwarders to ensure you meet required regulations at both ends of your journey.

How can You Protect Your Business When Shipping Out of Gauge Cargo?

Not all freight forwarders possess the same skills and offer the same services. Ensure you choose a reliable Freight Forwarder who can provide certainty and peace of mind when transporting your out-of-gauge cargo.

A Freight Forwarder is a key element in the out of gauge cargo transportation process, from advising on services to providing them with an array of tools and contacts. It’s essential for your company to work with a freight forwarder that communicates clearly with you and possesses extensive industry knowledge. They will be your guide in all transportation matters.

Most common out of gauge cargo types:

  • Oversize Cargo that requires special equipment for loading and unloading
  • Bulky, heavy, or overweight (BHW) Cargo with large dimensions but little weight
  • Overlength Cargo that extends beyond the maximum allowed dimensions

Industrial, overweight, or OOG cargo transportation may require a mix of creativity and compliance with industry standards such as:

  • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
  • International Air Transport Association (IATA) such as IATA MEPS
  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) code
  • Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
  • American Association of Railroads (AAR).

How to find a Reputable Freight Forwarder to Ship Your OOG Gauge Cargo?

You need to understand some things when you’re looking for a freight forwarder who services out of gauge cargo transportation.

You need to know if they have experience with out of gauge cargo transportation or not. It is important to choose a freight forwarder with hands-on experience with similar Cargo and can provide the necessary industry knowledge.

The most reputable freight forwarders are aware of all specific requirements for out-of-gauge air cargo transportation and are ready to assist you with the entire process. They should also provide binding rates, especially for out of gauge cargo transportation.

OOG Container Types

There are several types of containers used to transport out of gauge cargo. It is important to know what type you need for your Cargo, especially if it does not fit within the dimensions of a standard container. Understanding how these containers work will help to ensure your cargo arrives safely and on time.

Flat Rack Containers:

A flat rack container is a container without a floor, allowing large pieces of OOG equipment to go inside. The easiest way to visualize this is to think about moving a piece of furniture that doesn’t fit into a standard-sized box.

Open Top Containers:

An open-top container serves the same function as a flat rack container but has a solid roof and walls, making it more difficult to load and unload equipment.

Flatbed Containers:

A flatbed container has a floor with double-walled sides that are attached after the Cargo is loaded. This Container allows for vast amounts of storage space, but cannot hold extremely large pieces in most cases.


Industrial, overweight, or out of gauge cargo transportation is a complex process that requires in-depth knowledge and experience in the industry. OOG Cargo transportation is demanding, but the result makes it worth the effort.

Work with a trusted freight forwarder to ensure your Cargo complies with regulations and arrives safely at its destination.

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